Special, Political & Decolonization (SPD)

Special, Political, and Decolonization Committee (SPD)

Co-Chairs: Mike Yoon, Ai Motomura

Email Contact: stamunspd@gmail.com

What is the Special, Political, and Decolonization Committee (SPD)?

The Special Political and Decolonization Committee deals with a variety of subjects which include those related to decolonization, Palestinian refugees and human rights, peacekeeping, mine action, outer space, public information, atomic radiation and University for Peace.

Topic A: Eradication of Colonization

In 1945, the beginning of the United Nations, a third of the world’s population lived in territories. The people inhabiting these colonized nations have felt and are currently feeling the bitter experience of colonialism. The bitter experience includes the abuses of slavery, economic exploitation, imprisonment, etc. To mend these injustices the Charter of The United Nations includes a provision in Chapter XI describing the responsibility a dominant nation has to protect and keep paramount the interests of a territory to further international peace and security. And Chapter XII establishes The International Trustee System to promote the political, economic and social advancement of colonized nations towards self-determination. All territories under that system have now gained self-determination, with the last being the island nation of Palau in 1994 from the United States. However, 16 additional territories are still colonized by imperial powers such as the United States and Spain. STAMUNPARC SPD will discuss ways these territories can take actions to become self-governing nations. Delegates assigned to this committee are requested to be prepared to discuss and propose resolutions dealing with the eradication of colonization, and acquire enough background knowledge to be able to critique resolutions presented before the committee.

 

Topic B: Compensation for the Damages of Colonialism

The majority of Nations currently represented were at one point under colonial rule. Under colonial rule, people were, in blatant violation of fundamental human rights, subjected to harsh and inhumane treatment leading to extensive damage to the environment, the culture, and the native inhabitants. Although many former colonies have gained independence, the negative effects of colonialism still remain such as the Pacific region. Political and military feuds and much of the instability in such countries can be traced back to colonialism. The SPD Committee in the past has addressed the fundamental causes of weak infrastructure and other issues in previously colonized regions, and has discussed what role the UN has in promoting constructive measures of restoration in these countries. STAMUNPARC SPD will discuss how such problems can be solved in a peaceful yet timely manner and where funding will come from for restoration projects in both previously colonized nations and territories currently under imperial control. Delegates assigned to this committee are requested to be prepared to discuss and propose resolutions dealing with compensation, and acquire enough background knowledge to be able to critique resolutions presented before the committee.



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